Central Superior Service commonly known as CSS is highest level civil service in Pakistan and Federal Public Service Commission is authorized institution by the state of Pakistan under the provision of Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, to conduct CSS examination in Pakistan for induction of candidates in Civil Service of Pakistan.
The successful candidates who qualify through the whole process are offered jobs in the following 12 service groups. Every candidate gives his/ her choices while filling in the application form in order of preference. It is important for a candidate to fill in the section after careful thinking process. One other aspect is that if a CSS qualifier is higher in merit then he / she may get the group of his / her choice otherwise FPSC/ Establishment division offer the group as per merit achieved by a CSS qualifier. While filling in the application form, all groups should be mentioned as per priority of the candidate. Sometimes, it happens so that a candidate qualified the CSS Examination but due to lower merit, he is not offered a group to which he has not mentioned in his application form even though his marks / merit falls in that group. Pakistan Administrative Service (PAS), Foreign Service of Pakistan and Police Service of Pakistan (PSP) are the favorite groups of the candidates. Most of the candidates prefer these groups and give priority even though other groups are also of same importance and prospects of promotion & career progression are more or less same.
Pakistan Customs is part of the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR). Pakistan Customs is the guardian of Pakistan borders against movement of contra band goods and is facilitator of bona fide trade. It provides a major source of revenue to the Government of Pakistan in the form of taxes levied on the goods traded across the borders. It also helps to protect the domestic industry, discourage consumptions of luxury goods and stimulate development in the under -developed areas. A CSS qualified officer who opts or gets the group is appointed against post of BS-17 such as Assistant Collector Customs. Eligible for promotion as Deputy Collector Customs BS-18 & Collector Customs BS-19 & Member Customs BS-20.
COMMERCE & TRADE GROUP
The Commerce and Trade Group (CTG) is a branch of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan. The Commerce and Trade Group is responsible for the commercial diplomacy of Pakistan. It works under Ministry of Commerce.
The Officers from this cadre are posted in Pakistan’s Trade Missions Abroad as Commercial Secretaries (BS-18), Commercial Counselors (BS-19), Trade Minister/Counsel General (BS-20/21), and Ambassador to the WTO (BS 21). CTG officers negotiate bilateral, multilateral and unilateral trade deals with the trade partners of Pakistan. Officers of this group lead foreign trade meetings, discussions & negotiations with the aim to secure trade agreements & deals.
FOREIGN SERVICE OF PAKISTAN
Foreign Service is the essential part of Ministry of Foreign Affairs. is open to all Pakistani citizens without distinction of gender, religion or belief. An individual interested in joining the Foreign Service sits for the Central Superior Services (CSS) Examination held annually by the Federal Public Service Commission. Those who join the Foreign Service of Pakistan undergo common training program at the Civil Services Academy, Lahore and later are given specialized training at the Foreign Service Academy, Islamabad. Postings abroad at different High Commissions are made of the officer and they enjoy very good life. This group is highly rated. From BS-17 to Bs-22 posts are for CSPs.
INLAND REVENUE SERVICE OF PAKISTAN
The Inland Revenue was, until April 2005, a Department of the British era responsible for the collection of direct taxation, including income tax, national insurance contributions, inheritance tax, corporation tax, petroleum revenue tax and stamp duty. It has broad spectrum of working and career prospects. Very good promotion prospects.
INFORMATION SERVICES OF PAKISTAN
Information Services of Pakistan is an important group of Central Superior Service and plays a vital role in national image building within and abroad. After the completion of Common Training Programme at the Civil Services Academy, Lahore, the probationers join Information Services Academy in Islamabad with a view to acquiring specialized training in media management and public relations. On completion of specialized training, these officers are posted in
(1) Press Information Department (PID)
(2) External Publicity Wing (EP Wing)
(3) Internal Publicity Wing
(4) Audit Bureau of Circulation
(5) Directorate of Films and Publications (DFP),
(6) Cyber Wing etc in the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
The Information Group officers posted in Press Information Department (PID) constantly work for the image building of federal ministries and their attached departments. The Press Information Department is a very important department of the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
MILITARY LANDS & CANTONMENT
The Military Lands & Cantonments Group (ML & C) is responsible for administering the Military Lands & Cantonments Department which in turn looks after the various Cantonment Boards and military estates that do not fall within the domain of the civil municipal/district administrations of the respective cities / towns. The department is headed by the Director General, Military Lands & Cantonments (BS-21). Those who opts for this group enjoy very good service and life.
In majority of the cantonments there are CEOs and a MEOs. In some of the stations there is only a CEO. In some of the cities there are more than one cantonments. e.g in Rawalpindi there is Rawalpindi Cantt and Chaklala Cantt. In Lahore there is Lahore and Walton Cantt. In Karachi there are probably 6-7 Cantts which include Faisal, Clifton, Malir etc.
17 – 19 Grade Officers are posted as CEOs and MEOs in small stations like Risalpur, Mangla, Kharian, Havelian etc. BS-17 officers are usually posted. BS-18 officers are posted to Gujranwala, Sargodha, Hyderabad, Abbottabad or as Additional CEO in big cities. 19 grade officers are posted as CEOs and MEOs at Peshawar, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Multan, Karachi and Quetta.
OFFICE MANAGEMENT AND SECRETARIAT GROUP
The OMG/SG today is a more dynamic and broad-based cadre than its predecessor (Central Secretariat Service). A specialized pre-service training programme equips the new entrants with the necessary administrative skills, and mandatory refresher courses/capacity building techniques are useful to have the officers retain the cutting edge of modern management. This helps them in realizing their full potential and chalking out a successful career growth strategy. Besides, an exposure of not only the Federal Secretariat, the apex decision making body, but of various other field departments and organizations including Pakistani missions abroad imparts them with the necessary breadth of vision and experience to serve their country more better in a senior position. Throughout the past years, young and energetic officers from various academic and professional backgrounds have filled the posts in the cadre.
PAKISTAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE
The Pakistan Administrative Service, or PAS (previously known as the District Management Group or DMG) is an elite and most prestigious cadre of the Civil Service of Pakistan. It is the most powerful group as they work at almost on all key posts of Civil Service of Pakistan. It is a versatile group enjoying all kinds of departments and field offices all across Pakistan during the course of their careers. From district administration to the highest levels of policy making in the federal government, the officers of the Pakistan Administrative Service play the most pivotal part in running the country.
AUDIT AND ACCOUNTS SERVICE
It is the one of the most important service group of Pakistan responsible for auditing and accounting of revenues of the state of Pakistan. It is a Constitutional Institute under the provisions of article 144 to 176 of Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The post of Auditor General is a tenure post having five years tenure under the constitution. This group is also very good for service. Auditor General of Pakistan is responsible to maintain accounts of the public sector organizations and is responsible to conduct audit of the same. Recently the accounting functions of the Auditor General have been assigned to the Controller General of Accounts. The Controller General functions under the Auditor General of Pakistan. The Auditor General of Pakistan presents the annual accounts of the Ministries and Departments to the Federal and Provincial Public Accounts Committees respectively. The Accounting Offices of the Controller General of Accounts have been mainly divided into three major wings i.e. Civil (Federal /Provincial Governments), Railways and Military Accounts. These three wings are audited by independent offices headed by Directors General at the Federal and Provincial Level. The Audit of Military and Railway Wings is conducted at the Federal Level by the Audit Offices operating at the National Level. The Audit Reports are presented to the Federal Public Accounts Committee by the Auditor General and at the Provincial Level by respective Directors General.
POLICE SERVICE OF PAKISTAN
The Police Service of Pakistan (PSP) is one of the All Pakistan Services of the Government of Pakistan; other being the District Management Group (DMG). In 1948, a year after Pakistan gained independence from Britain, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Police Service of Pakistan. The PSP is not a law enforcement agency in its own right; rather it is the body to which all Senior Police Officers belong regardless of the agency for whom they work.
The PSP is staffed by police officers selected through the Federal Public Service Commission as Assistant Superintendent of Police.Every new posting is a challenge, and it is a never-ending war against crime, social evils and everyday problems of the people residing in a particular area.
With the separation of investigation and prosecution, along with accountability through the local representatives, the police is heading towards specialization and professionalism. It has time and energy to do its assigned task, be a part of the community and respond to the needs of the people.
After being selected into the Central Superior Services and consequent upon being allocated to the PSP on the basis of a high merit, the Probationary Assistant Superintendents of Police are required to go nine month Common Training Programme at the Civil Services Academy Lahore. After the conclusion of the Common Training, the Probationary Assistant Superintendents of Police are allocated to the Province of their choice other than their home province. After reporting to the Inspector General of Police of the Province they are allocated to, they proceed for further specialized training at the National Police Academy Islamabad. The training at the NPA is of nine months duration. After nine months, the Probationary Assistant Superintendents of Police are sent for training at the Districts of the Province of their allocation. After conclusion of District Training the Probationary Assistant Superintendents of Police finally pass out of the National Police Academy.
Direct induction in Postal Group was not done until 1972. After Civil Service Reforms, Postal Group was formed and young officers started joining the group regularly every year since 1973. It is the least desired group by candidates.
RAILWAYS (COMMERCIAL & TRANSPORT) GROUP
The Railways Commercial & Transportation (C&T) group plays the most important role as such it is the only cadre in Railways, inducted through CSS and is a part of Civil Services Academy Alumni C&T group is also called as operating and management department as it is solely responsible for the promotion of commercial business (freight & passenger) and for overall safety concerning train movement and operations.